In general, hip–hop
emerged in the 1970s. In 1973, Kool DJ Herc was the first DJ to start repeating only the beat of a funk, soul or disco track, instead of playing the whole track and assembling two different beats (so-called beatjuggling).
Since the early 1990s, hip-hop has spread internationally. In the process, typical styles of the individual countries have emerged, but overall the performers from the USA remain the tone-setters. In Europe, hip-hop fell on fertile ground as early as the 1980s in the French banlieues
of Paris and Marseille. In the early and mid-1990s, MC Solaar
gained international renown.
Hip-hop scenes also exist in other countries (e.g. German hip-hop
, Polish hip-hop
, Belgian Hip Hop, Arabic hip-hop
, Russian hip-hop
). It is also worth mentioning British hip-hop, which spawned its own style of Britcore
, and Brazilian hip-hop, which also spawned its own sub-style, Bass Music
influenced Rio Funk
A diverse scene has now also developed in Africa, often aspiring to American models but also producing distinct varieties of African hip-hop