The history of rope skipping is not entirely clear. It was probably exported to the USA by Dutch immigrants in the 17th century. In Europe, it survives like children’s games on campuses and in the streets. In 1980, German choreographer and teacher Rainer Pawelke demonstrated jumping rope in a stage performance as part of a sports theater project at the University of Regensburg, where he served as a lecturer for the training of physical education teachers. In the following years he called the skipping rope in numerous German tours and TV shows as a collective choreographer. In cooperation with AOK, Pawelke published the first known official skipping booklet in 1993. Independently, the German sports teacher Wolfgang Westrich and his team “Rusty Jumpers” (which still exists today) brought the sport from the USA to Germany as a student exchange in the early 1980s.In 1994, the German Gymnastics Association (DTB), with the support of the German Heart Foundation, published a brochure on skipping rope for the first time. Since then, many competitive sports clubs offer jumping rope as a competitive or recreational sport. The gym also offers jump rope classes as well as many martial arts like boxing, jump rope for warm up and endurance training. An initiative by the American Heart Association promoted the popularity of jump roping in the United States . At the same time, the benefits of jumping rope as endurance, coordination and speed training have been demonstrated in almost all sports. In 2012, Thomas Käbisch, the inventor of PROspeedrope, initiated Speedrobic rope jumping courses and rope jumping workshops at different levels. Since 2013, rope skipping has also been a discipline of the German Sports Badge.